Aventine Secession

   The Aventine secession was a boycott of Parliament in June 1924 that paradoxically left Benito Mussolini with a solid Fascist majority in the Parliament elected in the violenceridden 1924 general elections. The secession was a response to the kidnapping and murder of Giacomo Matteotti, who had bravely condemned Fascist illegality from the Parliament’s benches. The nonfascist opposition almost to a man retired “to the Aventine,” one of the seven hills of Rome to which members of the plebeian party had withdrawn (in 123 BC) in their struggle with the Roman aristocratic party. The Aventinians from the Partito Comunista Italiano/Italian Communist Party (PCI) returned to the Parliament in November 1924. In January 1926, the popolari of the Partito Popolare Italiano/Italian People’s Party (PPI), on instructions from their party congress, also returned. But Mussolini insisted that they should acknowledge that the Fascist revolution was an accomplished fact. The Aventinians refused, and the Chamber, with a clear Fascist majority, voted to expel all 123 Aventine deputies. This left a handful of liberals who had not joined the Aventine Secession in an otherwise totally Fascist Chamber of Deputies. For the next several years, this Parliament passed laws that formalized the dictatorship of the Fascist Party and the state.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aventine Secession — The Aventine Secession may refer to:*the Aventine Secession (494 BC) *the Aventine Secession (20th century) …   Wikipedia

  • Aventine Secession (20th century) — The Aventine Secession is the common reference to an Italian movement reuniting parties in opposition to Fascism and Benito Mussolini s regime. It was named after the Aventine Secession in ancient Rome. After the Acerbo Law was passed in 1923,… …   Wikipedia

  • Aventine Hill — Infobox Hill of Rome name =Aventine Hill Latin name =Aventinus mons Italian name =Colle Aventino rione =Ripa buildings =Roman Forum, Circus Maximus people =Ancus Marcius, Lucius Opimius, Marcus Fulvius Flaccus, Naevius, Pope Sixtus III events… …   Wikipedia

  • Secessio plebis — ( withdrawal of the commoners , or Secession of the Plebs ) was an informal exercise of power by Rome s plebeian citizens, similar to a general strike taken to the extreme. During a secessio plebis , the plebs would simply abandon the city en… …   Wikipedia

  • Neo-fascism — This article is about fascism after World War II. For Nazi movements after World War II, see Neo Nazism. This series is linked to the Politics and Elections series Part of the Politics series on …   Wikipedia

  • Ustaše — For the militiamen of the Military Frontier, see Uskoci. Ustaša Croatian Revolutionary Movement …   Wikipedia

  • Falange — This article is about the Spanish political party: For the Lebanese Phalange, see the Kataeb Party. Spanish Phalanx of the Assemblies of the National Syndicalist Offensive Falange Española de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional Sindicalista …   Wikipedia

  • Iron Guard — Garda de fier Leader Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (July 24, 1927 November 30, 1938) (executed in Tâncăbeşti, Bucharest while in custody in Ji …   Wikipedia

  • Independent State of Croatia — NDH redirects here. For other uses, see NDH (disambiguation). This article is about the Nazi puppet state. For the nation which gained independence in 1991, see Croatia. Independent State of Croatia Nezavisna Država Hrvatska De jure protectorate… …   Wikipedia

  • Blackshirts — For other uses, see Blackshirts (disambiguation). Part of a series on Fascism …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.